The 6 different skin types- and what skin type are you?
This is the most common skin type and characterised generally by an oily T-zone and dry or dehydrated areas usually on the cheeks. Occasionally you will notice blackheads and blemishes mainly along the T-zone and this skin type is described as dull, sallow, lifeless and unbalanced. La Clinica recommends the HOME SPA range for a Combination Skin type.
This skin type is continually producing oil all over the face and suffers from acne, large blackheads and enlarged open pores. The skin may also seem coarse and thick. Breakouts often occur on a regular basis and can be sore, red and irritated. They may be a pustule or a cystic lump under the skin surface. Most people find with an oily skin type, they wash their face in the early morning and by mid morning their skin looks shiny and feels greasy. Oily skin can occur at any age but is most common during adolescence, and La Clinica recommended the CLEAR SKIN range for an Oily/Acne skin type.
Sensitive skin is characterised by redness, irritation, flakiness, inflammation and itchiness. This skin type is often thin and fragile therefore also prone to skin conditions such as rosacea, eczema, dermatitis and psoriasis. The sensitivity may be caused by environmental factors such as pollution, sun exposure and incorrect product usage or it may just simply be genetics. La Clinica recommend the
SENSITIVE SKIN range for this skin type.
From the age of 25, our skin moisture levels and skin cell renewal starts to drop, causing the skin to become more dehydrated and dry. Mature skin is characterised by the skin showing signs of ageing such a wrinkles, loss of skin tone and flakiness caused by the lack of moisture. The skin can almost always be one of two types of Mature Skin. The first being coarse, thick skin with deep fissures and the second type is more loose, sagging skin with superficial wrinkles. La Clinica recommends the ANTI AGEING AND FIRMING LIFT range for a Mature/Dry skin type.
This skin type may have many fine lines, milia, blackheads, enlarged pores, acne pitting and uneven skin colouring – resulting from environmental damage such as sun exposure and pollution, chemical damage (eg medication resulting in photo-sensitivity), acne scarring, pigmentation from hormones and general neglect. La Clinica recommends the GLY C range for Pigmented/Sun-damaged/Scared Skin.
Men's skin can still be catagorised into one of the above skin types but is generally slightly different to women’s skin. Men's skin may react to shaving by becoming red and sore, sometimes resulting in a spotty rash and can be further aggravated with an active lifestyle and time spent outdoors in direct environmental conditions such as sun exposure. As a result of this, men's skin often shows signs of stress and premature wrinkles. La Clinica has developed a LIME AND POMEGRANATE skin range especially for men.
What is the difference between a day and a night cream - and why do I need both?
Day creams are designed to protect the skin from environmental factors such as pollution, dirt and the damaging, drying effects of air conditioning and heating. It also helps for ease of make-up application by giving you a smooth, well hydrated pallet similar to the effects of applying a base coat or sealer to a wall before you paint it!
Night creams are generally richer in moisture than a day cream so their main purpose is to intensely moisturise, revitalise and put the nutrients back into your skin while you sleep. Whilst both day creams and night creams can contain Retinyl Palmitate (or Vitamin A), night creams have a higher level than day. This is because ultraviolet rays break down the Retinyl Palmitate so it is more effective to have it in higher dosage in your night cream - when you are not in the sun.
Retinyl Palmitate is a skin normaliser helping to balance and rejuvenate the skin. It is also a powerful antioxidant that increases the skin’s elasticity promoting younger, healthier looking skin. It is an essential ingredient in night creams as it is necessary for skin repair.
Say NO to Foam! Most people find that after cleansing with a foaming cleanser, their skin tends to feel tight and dry. Generally people mistake this feeling for cleanliness but it just causes the skin to be sensitised and irritated.
Skin care doesn't only mean keeping skin clean, but also doing it in the best way that works with the skin’s own natural biology. This means protecting the only thing that helps protect us. It is called the ACID MANTLE and it plays a major role in protection of the skin and must be understood for better skin care. Acid mantle is the skin’s protective layer, and this layer is found all over the skin and made up of a mixture of sweat and oil. Disturbing this acidic mantle may cause many problems such as dehydration, pimples and excess oil. That is why we hear so much about pH balanced products.
If you strip the skin of its acid mantle by using foaming cleansers, bacteria will find it easier to attack the skin. Removing the acid mantle disturbs the distribution of dead cells in the top layer of the skin and this means the bacteria will find an easy passage through to the other layers of skin. In the event that the top layer of skin becomes disturbed, this will lead to sensitivity, redness and flaking. Most people find that after cleansing with a foaming cleanser, their skin tends to feel tight and dry. Generally people mistake this feeling for cleanliness but it just causes the skin to be sensitised and irritated. It also has a knock on effect to the amount of oil your skin will then produce. This means that every time you remove the acid mantle from your skin, you make your skin work even harder. The skins natural response is to produce more oil to compensate. This then cause you to feel extra oily.
It also causes another effect. With the combined increase in oil and lack of protection your skin now has to fight off invading bacteria. This tends to lead to acne and blemishes. The more you try to decrease this feeling of oiliness with foaming cleansers, the oilier you become!
What is Glycolic Acid?
The way that glycolic works is that it is able to loosen the glue that holds the damaged upper layers of the skin together. Therefore, as the glycolic dissolves this dead skin layer, a much smoother and youthful skin becomes apparent.
Another win for glycolic acid is the fact that is provides better penetration of your following product, whether it is an anti-aging serum or general moisturiser. This is generally why we at Je Suis Femme, like to offer our clients a complete range rather that just a Glycolic Peel itself.
Some other cosmetic exfoliants, such as AHA's, may leave the user's skin especially sensitive and can look as if it were sunburned and take a few days to calm down. With a fruit acid, which is glycolic, it can produce a mild redness, which generally subsides in a few hours or less. Glycolic can be used on a skin that shows signs of fine lines, millia, blackheads, enlarged pores, acne pitting and uneven skin colouring.
A glycolic peel should always be tailor made to suit your skin type. At Je Suis Femme, we offer in salon Glycolic Facial Peels as well as a fantastic range of La Clinica Glycolic home care kits to keep your skin looking great.
What benefit does Vitamin A have on the skin?
A consistent feature of aged, sun and environmentally damaged skin is pigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles. Topical Vitamin C is protective against immediate effects of ultra-violet radiation (sun exposure) by processing the carcinogenic enzymes (cancerous cells) to help the skin recover from damage.
Vitamin C reduces and helps clear acne lesions, blemishes and black head because it destroys and reduces those aggressors that have formed in the skin due to environmental influences. Vitamin C promotes positive effects on the skin by suppressing pigmentation and therefore providing great effects to lighten and whiten the skin. Results strongly suggest that topical Vitamin C is most effective. Vitamin C can be found in strong forms in the La Clinica Glycolic range, and the Vitamin C serum is fantastic in fighting the aging process and eliminating other skin concerns.
Hot wax and strip wax, the differences?
Hot Wax is used primarily on sensitive areas. It is applied to areas such as eyebrows, the face, underarms and bikini areas. These areas are those that grow hair under a hormonal influence, hence they have a bigger root sheath therefore a stronger hair type. Using hot wax on these areas prevents the hair snapping at the surface rather than being pulled out from the root. Also as these areas are sensitive, the wax only bonds to the most upper dead skin cells ensuring the delicate areas of skin are not taken off with the wax.
A hot wax is a form of waxing that is a warm temperature when applied. This wax is not hot enough to burn you or cause discomfort but it is warm enough to allow your skin and hair follicles to relax when applied, making for the hair follicle to open. The more open the hair follicle, the less “pull” on the skin therefore the less painful the wax.
When applied the hot wax is in a “honey” form, it then sets on the hair/skin and is removed. Hot wax does not require material (such as calico used for strip waxing) to remove it. A hot wax is mainly composed of a form of resin, the resin will set on the skin and is removed.
Strip Wax is used on larger areas of the body such as the arms and legs. This wax is better used on softer, more fluffier hair types as it is able to grab and bond better. Also the arm and leg areas have tougher skin therefore it will not pull or tug on the skin in this area. Strip wax, as the name suggests, uses wax applied in a thin layer on the skin then a strip of calico to remove the wax along with the hair.
Are ingrown hairs troubling you?
The most effective way to prevent ingrown hairs is to regularly exfoliate the area usually using a waffle glove along with a body scrub such as Gly C Microdermabration Body Scrub. We recommend exfoliating twice a week. The skin also requires moisture to keep it soft and hydrated to prevent dead skin cells. A moisturiser, such as La Clinica Ingrown Hair Lotion, will effectively hydrate the skin while using Tea Tree to eliminate bacteria and draw hairs to the surface. Ingrown Hair Lotion will also calm and soothe the skin after waxing.
Exfoliation, the important points!
New skin cells are produced in the lower layers of skin and over a period of time, these cells are pushed further to the surface as new cells are being produced. As they become closer to the surface, they begin to die and become saturated with a substance called Keratin - a glue-like substance that bonds the skin together to protect the skin from outside elements.
However, once the dead skins cells have finished their journey and reached the outer most layer of our skin, we no longer require them. Exfoliation helps remove these outer dead skin cells to reveal newer skin below to help unclog pores, help reduce acne breakout and make the skin appear brighter, fresher and healthier!
Exfoliants can be a mechanical polishing of the skin or a chemical enzyme reaction. Mechanical or physical exfoliation uses a mild abrasive scrub, such as La Clinica's Home Spa Purifying Green Tea Scrub, to gently slough off the dead skin cells. Where as chemical exfoliants use alpha-hyrdoxyl acids (AHA's) such as Glycolic acid. The chemical process involves the AHA's to loosen the keratin on our skin’s surface that bonds together the dead skin cells thus allowing for the dead skin to easily fall away! At Je Suis Femme we have a fantastic glycolic range called La Clinica Gly C which works as a chemical exfoliant. Exfoliation is usually recommended to be carried out once a week however a therapist will make a more accurate diagnosis once she has examined your skin as over exfoliation can also occur.
I want beautiful, strong nails - so what is the best way to achieve this?
Nail hardeners and strengtheners only treat the exposed nail or the part that we see where cuticle oil absorbs in through the skin, into the nail bed to treat the developing nail and its cells. Cuticle oil, such as La Clinica's Organic Nourishing Cuticle and Nail Manicure Oil, penetrate the skin's surface and seals in valuable moisture to stimulate nail cell development. It is also formulated with Vitamin E to help the repair process, and the Evening Primrose Oil helps prevent the cracking and splitting of nails.
Nail strengtheners and hardeners do make the nail harder, however the nail then tends to shatter or split rather than have a clean break, which in the long run will cause long-term effects on your nails. Nail hardeners also tend to peel off after a few days unlike nail oil which absorbs almost immediately. The constant removal and reapplication of a nail hardener can cause your nails to weaken and dry out the cuticles (remembering the main aim is to have healthy cuticles as below this is where the nail cells are formed!).
Brazilians - “Not as scary as you think!”
At Je Suis Femme, we're here to help and all our therapists are of a very high professional level offering you a modest and non-judgemental wax. We offer you a disposable g-string to wear and a towel to put over yourself.
A Brazilian wax is the removal of everything, from front to back and underneath, if you wish. Some people choose to leave a thin strip of hair at the front.
We use “hot wax” for our Brazilians as this is the best quality and type for the more sensitive areas (as explained in chapter “Hot Wax and Strip Wax, The Differences”). Everyone’s pain threshold is different, however we aim to make your Brazilian wax as comfortable as possible. As the wax comes off, you may feel a slight sting for a brief few seconds, just like taking off a bandaid! Waxing should be done every 4-6 weeks, and this also ensures a less painful Brazilian.
Why are herbal teas better for you than coffee?
Herbal tea is a herbal infusion made from anything other than the leaves of the tea bush. Herbal teas are made with dried or fresh flowers, seeds, leaves or roots - depending on the type of tea.
Herbal teas have been consumed around the world for centuries and have been popular with the Ancient Egyptians and the Chinese as traditional medicines and natural remedies. In terms of herbal tea vs. coffee, there are many scientifically proven reasons why you should make the switch from coffee to herbal tea! Some of us cannot live without our coffee pick-me-ups - but do you know what effects this is having on your body?? Caffeine found in coffee is a type of stimulant drug (hence why you love that energy kick it gives you in the mornings!). However, like any drug, large amounts and prolonged use of caffeine can lead to health risks.
The main and most common side effects of caffeine use are decreased or increased hunger, increased thirst, irritability, blurred vision, diarrhea, trouble breathing, cold sweats and skin flushing.
Over use of caffeine can result in a condition known as caffeinism. This condition combines the dependency for caffeine with a large range of unpleasant physical and mental health conditions such as nervousness, irritability, anxiety, muscle twitching, insomnia, headaches and heart palpitations. Caffeinism can also lead to peptic ulcers, erosive esophagi is and gastro esophageal reflux disease due to the increased level of stomach acid stimulated by caffeine
So, what about the herbal teas...?
Herbal teas are often consumed for their physical and medicinal effects on the body. Herbal teas are rich in antioxidants and vitamins and typically herbal teas are caffeine-free! Free radicals in our body are one of the main causes of aging, heart disease and cancers including lung, stomach, breast and skin cancers.
The anti-oxidants found in herbal teas fight these free radicals to lessen the risk of heart disease and cancer and slow the aging process.
Studies have also found another added benefit is that drinking herbal tea on a regular basis can help fight obesity as it can speed up the burning of fat calories.
Different types of herbal teas are known for their different effects on the human body.
Herbal teas also help to achieve a more calm, relaxed and alert state of mind, aid with stomach and digestive problems, provide cleansing properties for the body and promote energy and wellness.
And don't think you have to drink hundreds of litres to benefit from herbal tea! Studies indicate that good health benefits come from drinking just 3 to 5 cups of tea per day!! So why not make the switch today? At Je Suis Femme we have the Teabah range of herbal teas using only premium quality, certified herbal tea ingredients obtained from plantations around the globe. Beautifully created to have a beneficial effect on the body and soul. Teabah teas are available in 3 different, specially formulated blends: DETOX, RADIANCE and RELAX!
8 proven detox methods for you?
Detoxing can be a great way to not only help cleanse your body and soothe your mind but it also has been proven to effectively clear and improve skin quality, radiance and glow! Often when our bodies are fighting bacteria and are full of toxins it shows on our skin. Symptoms may be congestion and blemishes on the face or skin conditions such as ezcema may flare up. It is wise to consult a doctor before going on any strict diet or detox programs, however if you want a simple yet effective detox program here are the 8 best tried and tested tips for you!
1. Drink more herbal tea
Firstly, here at Je Suis Femme, we strongly believe in and love the La Clinica Spa Radiance Herbal Tea! We find drinking the tea throughout the day has a strong effect on the detoxification process in the body! With certified organic ingredients such as Australian Green Tea leaf, Australia Lemon Scented Myrtle leaf, Lemon grass leaf, Licorice Root and Fennel seeds. the tea is rich in antioxidants to help fight free radicals and remove toxins and impurities from the body. It also helps to clear the mind, stimulate your body and recharge your energy levels. Ingredients such as the Fennel seeds are known for their calmative, digestive, diuretic and restorative properties. And the Licorice root acts as a natural sweetener as well as a cleansing effect on the endocrine system and the liver. It is a delicious tea that you can enjoy either warm or iced to help assist with your detox program.
2. Drink more water
Detoxing can also be as simple as drinking 2 litres of water per day as this along with the herbal tea can help flush out toxins and bacteria.
3. Incorporate gentle exercise
Exercise also encourages detoxification as toxins are carried out of the body through sweat and endorphins and hormones are released to make us feel and look great! Exercise promotes the circulation of the blood to our skin too therefore providing the skin with much needed nutrients found in the blood stream. Exercise encourages the production of collagen to keep our skin firm and younger looking
4. Eat foods that are good for you
The common saying “You are what you eat” also comes into play with detoxification. Generally a person with a bad diet suffers from skin problems. We all know and are encouraged to eat everything in balance but when detoxing, the best rule is fresh and raw!
Fruits and vegetables are the way to go, and below are the top foods we recommend for detoxing:
- Citrus fruits
- Cranberry juice
- Red Peppers
- Sweet Potato
5. Eat more fish
A few other healthy alternatives are swapping red meat for fish twice a week to get your Omega 3 intake.
6. Eat health fats
Also swapping butter or fatty oils for extra virgin olive oils to help your heart and brain.
7. Limit or eliminate smoking and alcohol
As we know, we are encouraged to not smoke, drink alcohol in moderation and not drink caffeine excessively. These three factors put toxins into our bodies and release free radicals. Free radicals in the body age us quicker and frequent users of these three things often show signs on the skin of aging. So why not kick the habits today and enjoy healthier, younger, bodies and skin! 8. Smell the roses
And as always, try to breath deeply and take more time for yourself!!
A word of caution
Pregnant and breast feeding woman are recommended not to follow a detox program.